There are 45 Origin boss-philosophers in the game, including Plato, Voltaire, and Hegel, and more than 25 types of imaginary "mob" philosophers who belong to 9 philosopher classes: Ancient Greek, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, French Enlightenment, German Idealism, Modern Continental, Modern Analytic.
Each enemy-philosopher has a number of attacks, which allegorically represent his philosophical ideas.
For instance, Plato attacks the player with shadows from the Allegory of the Cave, Marx attacks him with Lenin's proletarian army, and Freud - with Valentine's childhood nightmares.
Initially, the player is just a student who does not belong to any philosophical school, however, he has a basic number of skills and abilities. As the player explores the world and fights with other characters, he acquires new skills, improves magical and combat abilities, and also receives more powerful equipment that belongs to other philosophical schools.
Philosophers' items give the character the opportunity to use special attacks and spells specific to this school. For example, Freud's cigar allows you to use spells from psychoanalysis, and the antique helmet allows you to attack the enemy with Platonic solids.